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Regular Cardio Will Make You Fat

Here’s what you need to know…

  • When using cardio while dieting, begin by doing the minimum necessary for fat loss, not the maximum.
  • The most effective cardio for retaining muscle is the kind you don’t need to recover from, which is walking.
  • When it comes to doing cardio for fat loss, it’s either slow and easy (walking) or fast and torrid (HIIT). The middle ground can make you fatter.
  • Don’t think of HIIT as calorie burning cardio, but rather muscle building cardio.

Whenever the topic of “cardio” comes up, it always ignites a firestorm of differing opinions, most dealing with how much people hate it or how you have to do it to get shredded. What never gets clearly explained, though, is the context and reasoning for which it’s being done. This is crucial to understand, because cardio from a conditioning and endurance standpoint is going to be very different from a physique and bodybuilding perspective.

For a competitive athlete, it’s likely very important that some kind of energy systems work be performed that either prepares them for their sport or aids in building overall work capacity. In contrast, for a physique competitor, cardio is employed for the sole purpose of either weight control/maintenance or creating a calorie deficit for fat loss. Energy systems development is likely a non-issue, provided the physique competitor is lifting with enough frequency and relative intensity.

Still, when it comes to doing cardio for fat loss, bodybuilders – if they want to preserve their muscle mass – need to take it either slow and easy or fast and torrid. The middle ground can actually make you fatter.

Slow and Easy

Speaking specifically to the bodybuilders, you have to ask yourself the following:

If my primary goal is maximal muscle, do I want to be performing a high volume of an entirely conflicting activity?

Please tell me you didn’t answer yes to this. This isn’t to dissuade people from doing cardio. If you like cardio, and I know some people that do, by all means do as much as you want. But be cognizant that it may be a conflicting factor that you have to account for if you want to get as big and lean as possible.

If, however, you’re going to do cardio, it’d be best to do something that won’t conflict with your goals and that’s easy to recover from, namely, easy walking. So, if you’re doing the incline walks on the treadmill, you’re probably doing something right. Just keep it as short as necessary.

However, if you’re insistent on stair stepping for an hour to “striate the glutes,” or walking on an incline for two hours as contest prep, consider the following:

You have to take the Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands (SAID) principle into account.

If you’re dieting for a show and your lifting volume goes down but your cardio goes up, what’s the primary stimulus your body is going to need to adapt to? The cardio. Now how does one become more efficient at slow, aerobic cardio? By decreasing overall energy output, which means burning fewer calories to do the same activity.

Bodybuilder B’s active metabolic rate is 4500.
Now let’s move into the competition prep phase. Both start 24 weeks out. Bodybuilder A has to lose only 20 pounds, which is less than a pound a week. Bodybuilder B, though, has to lose 50 pounds, so approximately 2 pounds a week.

Bodybuilder A does ZERO cardio during his offseason, other than going for leisurely walks that don’t stress his adaptive response at all. So by reducing his calorie intake very gradually and maintaining his peri-workout nutrition, his cut is easy to manage. Only the last couple of weeks before the contest does he do any cardio, and it’s only for 30 minutes a pop. He also does a few HIIT bouts to really accelerate the fat loss.

Because his loss has been more gradual, he has to resort to fewer dirty tricks to lose the weight and his metabolism hasn’t slowed significantly. He still has a cheat meal a week before the contest. He steps on stage big, ripped, and vascular.

Post contest, he enjoys another cheat meal and eats dirty for a few days, but he hasn’t been calorie or nutrient deprived, so his metabolism doesn’t have a huge rebound. After 2-3 weeks he’s back to regular training and he’s set himself up for solid muscle gains.

Bodybuilder B, though, has a lot of fat to shed. Even though his initial caloric output his higher, he needs a bigger daily deficit to lose weight. He ups his cardio to 2 hours, but now he’s increased his metabolic rate while at the same time cutting calories. He’s constantly hungry and his workouts really start to suffer. He’s not very smart about his peri-workout nutrition, he’s often flat, and his strength starts heading south.

His metabolic rate starts to slow significantly because of his lowered caloric intake and his body begins to deplete muscle. Increasing his overall activity while heavily decreasing his calories makes his cut absolutely miserable. Oh, he still gets to 220, but he’s soft looking and he’s lost significant size.

Once the contest is over, he binges like crazy because he’s been calorie and nutrient starved for weeks. Subsequently he gets even fatter than before, setting himself up for another hard cut a year from now.

Obviously, scenario A is where we want to be, so here are the major takeaways:

  • Clearly define whether you need cardiovascular training for physical performance or purely for body composition management.
  • The most effective cardio for retaining muscle is the kind you don’t need to recover from, which is walking.
  • When using cardio while dieting, begin by doing the minimum necessary for fat loss, not the maximum.
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